How 5G Will Change the Current Communication Scenario


After the successful implementation of the 4th Gen communication network and 4G LTE, now is the time for the launch of next Gen wireless Networks – 5G. 5G wireless technology is a more intelligent technology which will interconnect the entire world without limits. Expected to be significantly faster than its predecessor, the 5G technology will deliver upto 100x improvements over 4G and 4G LTE. 5G Wireless Technology denotes the proposed next major phase of mobile telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G standards. It will allow many more devices to be connected with faster connection speeds enabling connectivity of a higher number of mobile broadband users per area unit. 5G would be launched at a very low latency meaning that it will provide real time interactivity for services using the cloud.

5G networks will be designed to bring the level of performance needed for massive IoT. It will enable a perceived fully ubiquitous connected world. Some pertinent features of 5G will be 1 millisecond latency, 5G speed of 10GBps data rate, up to 100x number of connected devices per unit area (in comparison to 4G), lower cost of infrastructural development, high capacity for connecting multiple devices concurrently and instantaneously and a key platform for launch of the much famed IoT technology. 5G will enable instantaneous response time for users at the same time increasing the security and connectivity for a larger community.

What exactly is the buzz creator 5G technology?

Delving deeper into the technology, 5G will use Massive MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output antennas) for D2D (device to device) communications. The router and switch technology will provide better connectivity for the users and open new dimensions of enhanced connectivity in our lives. The network will be based on user experience, system performance, and a medium for enhanced performance by business models – management and operations. 5G will utilize the advance access technologies such as Beam Division Multiple Access (BDMA) and Non & quasi-orthogonal or Filter Bank Multicarrier (FBMC) Multiple Access. The new advanced technology called Fog Computing is going to support the 5G development; this will help in achieving the low latency, high mobility, high scalability and real-time execution. Implementation of 5G will enable for broad prospects in technological development and concepts like self-driving cars, smart healthcare and many more will be a reality.

Need for 5G Networks

Now the question arises as to why we need an upgraded technology when already the services offered by major service providers such as reliance Jio, airtel and idea cellular are more than enough to satisfy our connectivity requirements. Well, the answer is that 5G will bring an even lower latency which will enable for real time response. This is especially beneficial to the medical industry, infotainment Industry (esp. multiplayer gaming), telecommunication Industry and the defense sector too. With 5G, a spectator in a cricket stadium would be able to view the shot in real time from a different angle without any delay. 5G is also need to support the device explosion with the Internet of things coming into play. By 2020, internet connected devices will not only include mobiles, tablets or TV’s as of present but also many other electronic devices such as fridges, cars and you never know, maybe even clothes. The 5G system will itself recognize the bandwidth requirement of each of these devices and allocate the same accordingly, thereby not putting necessary strain on individual connection points. The technology would also be helpful in a big way to aid the defense sector.

Current and Future aspects of 5G technology

Presently all that is known about the 5th Gen. technology is that it is a gateway for connecting at an ultra-low latency offering 1000x higher speeds than currently deployed networks. Internationally India has gained a remarkable name in providing quality IT services and like many other countries Indian Telecom industry is designing the roadmap for 5G launch in India. Major Telecom companies like Reliance Jio in collaboration with Apple, Idea and other companies are working on developing the effective environment in India. The TRAI has researched that the 3300-3400 MHz and 3400-3600 MHz bands in the country suit for 5G. Along with this GSMA association is also collaborating with Indian Telecom to prepare the roadmap for launching 5G.

As far as future prospects are concerned, the 5G mobile and wireless communication technologies will be emerging into research fields, thus providing far better and highly refined platforms for research. Looking into the future, it is the technology that would enable government, individuals and companies to remain in sync in real time. With 5G, users will be able to track live coverage of almost any and every event with virtual reality and augmented reality being an important part of it. 5G will pave a way for spectacular advancements in self-driving car communications, robotic surgeries, and seamless VR applications with 4k video streaming. Other applications of this massive improvement in technology will be discovered only when it is actually rolled out.

The 5G technology is expected to fully roll out and be available for end users by 2020. In the meanwhile, AT&T and Verizon are pioneering individual efforts into 5G technology. China’s Huawei is all set out to lead the global roll out of 5G mobile networks. Verizon is developing a new vRAN architecture with Intel and Nokia to slate 5G trials. With 4G rolling out access to various technologies, let’s see what 5G will hold for the future.